10 amazing facts about chimpanzees
Discover fascinating facts about chimpanzees.
1. Much like us
Chimpanzees represent our closest living relative, sharing 98% of our genetic DNA.
2. Complex social lives
Chimps live in vast social communities, consisting of up to about 50 individuals and comprising of several family groups. They have strict hierarchies, with one dominant alpha male.
3. How they get around
They get around by by swinging through trees and by walking on all fours (knuckle-walking), but they can also walk upright on two feet if they want to.
4. Varied diet
While chimps consume a wide variety of foods, including the fruits and leaves of hundreds of plants, they overwhelmingly prefer the fruit of fig or Ficus trees.
Though they also eat meat – their favourite is red colobus monkey – and invertebrates such as termites, this only makes up an estimated 3 per cent of their diet.
Chimps are one of the few animals that are known to make and use tools. They have been observed stripping the leaves off a twig and then dip it into a termite nest to catch insects and chewing the end of a stick to make it more water absorbent so that it can be used as a ‘dipping stick’.
6. Handy with tools
Chimps are one of the few animals that are known to use of tools. This includes the use of sticks to retrieve insects from the leaf litter, stones to open up appetising nut contents and leaves to soak up drinking water.
7. Not so cuddly
Chimps can be very aggressive. Groups of males will plan and execute attacks on other chimps, often causing serious injuries and fatalities. Serious, fatal attacks on humans have also been reported.
8. Extremely clever
Some chimpanzees have even been able to learn basic human sign language. Washoe, a captive female chimpanzee, was able to learn American Sign Language (ASL), with a vocabulary of 350 words.
Chimpanzees are classed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List - numbers are decreasing because of habitat loss and fragmentation, killing for bushmeat and the infant pet trade and disease.
Chimpanzees are one of only two species in the genus Pan, the other being the bonobo, and both are found sub-Saharan Africa. It was once thought that chimpanzees and bonobos were one species, but they are now recognised as two distinct species.
The chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) is found north of the Congo river and is split into 4 sub-species. The bonobo (Pan paniscus) is found south of the Congo river and has not been split into any sub-species.